Linguistics and Novel: Volume 13 (New Accents)
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Virtual meatspace: Word formation and deformation in cyberpunk discussions. Squires Ed. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter.
Barrios, S. Second Language Research 32 3 , Establishing new mappings between familiar phones: Neural and behavioral evidence for early automatic processing of nonnative contrasts. Frontiers in Psychology Crandall, J. An overview of research in English language teacher education and professional development. Christison Eds.
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Christison, M. Creating a professional development program to support faculty in an English-medium university of science and technology. Purpura, J. Book Review. Hyland, Ken and Wong, Lillian.
PDF Linguistics and Novel: Volume 13 (New Accents)
Innovation and change in English language education. Hayes-Harb, R. The influence of the Pinyin and Zhuyin writing systems on the acquisition of Mandarin word forms by native English speakers. Frontiers in Psychology , 7 JUN , 1— Foreign Language Annals , 1— Slade, B. Compound verbs in Indo-Aryan. In World of Linguistics: South Asia , eds. Hock, E. Berlin: De Gruyter. Urlaub, P.
Watzinger-Tharp, J. Bassetti, B. Second language phonology at the interface between acoustic and orthographic input. Applied Psycholinguistics , 36 1 , 1—6. Christison , M. Creating a pedagogy of engagement in English language teaching. In Selected papers from the twenty-fourth international symposium on English teaching pp. Teaching and learning English grammar: Recent research and new directions. Beyond rating data: What do listeners believe underlies their accentedness judgments? Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, 1 1 , Kaplan, A. Maximal Prominence and a Theory of Possible Licensors.
Natural Language and Linguistic Theory Showalter, C. Native English speakers learning Arabic: The influence of novel orthographic information on second language phonological acquisition.
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Applied Psycholinguistics, 36 1 , Slade , B. A short history of English epistemic indefinites. In Epistemic indefinites , eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sinhala indefinites with a certain je ne sais quoi. Lau Murray, D. Acoustic-phonetic parameters in the perception of accent. Moyer Eds. Boston: DeGruyter Mouton. Hayes-Harb , R. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 18 3 , Swaffar, J.
Urlaub Eds. New York: Springer Verlag. Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press. Unfamiliar orthographic information and second language word learning: A novel lexicon study. Second Language Research , 29 2 , — Question-particles and relative clauses in the history of Sinhala, with comparison to early and modern Dravidian.
The diachrony of light and auxiliary verbs in Indo-Aryan. Diachronica Policy development for innovation and renewal in English language education. Tribble Ed. Managing change in ELT: Lessons from experience. London, U. Larson-Hall, Jennifer. A guide to doing statistics in second language research using SPSS.
Modern Language Journal, 96 3 , The L2 student advocate. Christison and F. Stoller Eds.
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A handbook for language program administrators 2nd Edition , pp. Time management principles. Naturally, SSB adults will have a harder time understanding a Dutch speaker than a fellow Glaswegian, given the smaller lexical overlap with the former variety. In other words, it is not always the case that dialects are closer to each other than languages. Moreover, the degree to which processing an unfamiliar within-language accent resembles processing an unfamiliar foreign accent at any given age is an empirical matter and probably depends on the dimension of focus.
And yet, it is extremely common to find statements concluding that non-native accents are fundamentally different e. But in another sense, the statement is simply misleading. Naturally, this renders our descriptive task considerably more difficult, since these distance metrics will necessarily vary across ages, linguistic backgrounds, and possibly even tasks.
A first step along this direction could make use of the masses of knowledge already accumulated, regressing infant, child, and adult perceptual measures on a host of possible measures calculated from the actual stimuli used. Once candidate measures are thus identified, they can be more neatly investigated in ad hoc experimental studies.
The question of how to draw lines between linguistic varieties is relevant for another line of research.
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The degree of similarity in cognitive gains exhibited by bilingual listeners and those with exposure to two within-language accents is likely dependent on the similarity in their life experiences. That is, children who are routinely exposed to two variants, but grow up to speak only one variant may experience lower internal conflict and require lower strength of inhibition than those who come to speak two variants.
For example, one may argue that it should be more difficult to tease apart Spanish from Catalan, which are very similar at the phonological level, than native English from a heavily French-accented English, since French differs from English even at the rhythmic level. Thus, perhaps the degree of perceptual difference between the varieties might also be a factor, even when the child grows up to speak only one variety.
Listening to speech by multiple talkers as compared to one talker results in slower reaction times and disrupted accuracy on many tasks, a phenomenon that has been called the talker interference effect Creel and Bregman, For example, listeners are slower to respond in a word monitoring task when there are multiple talkers than when there is only one talker e.
Likewise, when given a set of utterances, listeners are slower and less accurate at naming a word spoken in noise if the utterances are spoken by a mix of talkers instead of one talker e. Finally, listeners recall fewer words from a list spoken by multiple talkers as compared to a list spoken by one talker Martin et al.
Behavioral measures of multi-talker speech perception reveal not only a processing cost, but also phenomena that can be compared to the short-term perceptual adaptation effects and long-term effects of exposure noted above. Akin to accent adaptation, repeated exposure to a given talker aids speech processing in a variety of tasks.
First, word recognition under difficult processing conditions or in the presence of noise is enhanced when the listener has some experience with the talker Nygaard et al. Recognizing spoken-words in noise is facilitated even when the familiarization phase only involves lip-reading Rosenblum et al. Second, voice familiarity appears to increase memory for words or sentences, though results vary for different task types see Luce and Lyons, ; Goh, , for discussions.
Recognition memory for words is more accurate when the voice is the same at exposure and at test, and this same voice priming can last for up to a week Goldinger, Similarly, with a continuous recognition memory paradigm, listeners are better at recognizing whether a given word was previously heard if the second presentation of the word is in the same voice as the first presentation rather than in a different voice Palmeri et al.
The effects of voice consistency appear to be more robust in explicit memory tasks than in implicit memory tasks Goldinger, ; Luce and Lyons, ; but see Schacter and Church, and Church and Schacter, for evidence of voice effects in implicit tasks.